Football a team sport involved varying degrees such as kicking a ball to score a goal. It is also referred to as soccer. There are two teams and one ball in which they can use all parts of their bodies except for arms and hands. They can use their foot to drag the ball in the field and take it to the other team’s goal. There are no rules of goals like in basketball. One goal means one goal.
Each team is having a goalkeeper to stop the ball from going into the net. Only the goalkeeper is allowed to use his hands or arms. The use of arms or hands privilege is given to the goalkeeper in only the penalty area. It is a small area around and in front of the goal.
The pitch or field for football is having a center circle with two penalty boxes at each end of the field. In each penalty box, there is a penalty spot. It is also known as a 6-yard box. The area of the field for football might vary from one place to another but the length of the field should be between 90m and 120m. The width of the field should be between 45m and 90m.
The measurement of the penalty area is approximately 16m by 40m. The center circle is approximately 9m in radius. The goalposts at each end of the field are having a penalty spot of 11m in front of them.
Each team is having 11 players on the field. Also, both teams are having substitutes on the sidelines. On the field, you will notice that there is no required formation for the players. You will observe something like 4-4-2. It means that there are 4 midfielders, 4 defenders, and 2 strikers.
The formation of the team is in such a way that the players can be in any position on the field. Sometimes you observe that wingers switch sides to unsettle the defense.
The common position of the players is as follows:
Center Defense Midfield (CDM)
The CDM players play in the midfield and they are defensively minded. They have to sit back when the ball is in play but they are the playmakers of the game. Also, they are the best tacklers on the field.
Center Attacking Midfield (CAM)
These players are positioned in the center field. They are for attacking the ball and it makes them best for shooting the ball in the goal.
Right and Left Wing (RW/LW)
In 4-3-3 formation these players play attacking positions out wide on the wing. They run up the wing cut inside or cross the ball towards the striker who is waiting in the middle.
Center Forward (CF)
This position is almost like a striker where the player plays slightly more towards the goal. The center forward players are not having a defined area to remain in.
The goalkeepers on each end of the field are supposed to stop the ball from reaching the goal. Within the penalty area, they are allowed to use their hands. The goalkeeper is allowed to play the ball anywhere on the field but hands and arms are not permitted outside the penalty area. The goalkeeper organizes the defenders of the team during free kicks and corners. He chooses the defensive man to make the wall during free kicks.
The Basic Rules
The main objective of the game is to score more goals than the opponent team. It is done by kicking or shooting the ball into the opponent team’s goal. Meanwhile, one team has to defend their goal from the other team. Unlike some sports, the players are allowed to run with the ball and pass it to other players of their team on the field.
When it comes to passing, there are few rules to keep in mind. There is an offside rule that will be discussed later. The next rule is about passing the ball to the goalkeeper. If you pass the ball to your goalkeeper using your feet, he should pass back to you with their feet. If you return the ball to your goalkeeper, he is allowed to pick it up with his hands.
- To start the game, the ball is kicked off from the center of the field. It is done in each half and when the team scores a goal. After that, the player passes the ball forward before passing it back.
- When the kick-off occurs, the players cannot be in the opposition half field.
- If the foul takes place in the penalty area, then the opposing team will be given a penalty or free-kick.
- If the attacking team kicks the ball beyond the goal line, the goal kick is awarded to the attacking team.
- If the defending team kicks it behind their line, the attackers will be awarded a corner kick.
- While using the tackling skill, you try to steal the ball from the other player’s feet. If you touch the player instead of the ball, it is a foul.
- The players are not allowed to elbow, tug on shirts or push the player. If a player is doing so, it is a foul.
There are some fouls that you can avoid while playing football
If a player is not making contact with another player while tackling the ball, the referee might call for a free-kick.
The players are allowed to touch the ball with their feet, head, thighs, chest, and even shoulders. If the ball touches any part of your arm, it is a foul named handball.
Diving or Simulation
If a player pretends that there are fouled, the referee can call a free-kick against you.
It is not a foul that you will be called for, the referee can call a free kick for the other team.
If a player starts or participates in a fight with another player, the form of punishment can be awarded by the referee.
A foul throw is another kind of non-bookable foul that you can avoid easily. If a player is throwing the ball in the field from the sidelines, the ball should be kept behind the head before throwing it in the field. If the ball drops at a player’s feet, the referee calls for a foul.
If you are violating any of the rules, the referee can book you. It means that you will be given a yellow card or a red card. If you get two yellow cards in a game, you receive a red card. The red card means that you are immediately dismissed from the match. As a result, your team will be on the field with lesser players.
The offside rule in football is a basic concept but players and linesmen find it difficult to judge an offside. It is the reason that you hear commentators discussing the offside decisions in their commentary. The simple rule of offside is that a player is considered offside if the head or feet is beyond the last defender and interferes with the play.
If an attacking player stands between the goalkeeper and last defender, it means he is offside. On the other hand, if the attacking player is recovering the ball behind the last defender, he is onside.
In another scenario, if the player kicks or shoots the ball towards the goal and it bounces back to another attacker, that player is in an offside position. If the player drifts into an offside position when the ball flies through the air, then it is permitted because the starting position for that game is offside.
Football Guide – An Easy Guide to Play Football
If you want to be on the football team of your high school or college, you should be learning the basic guidelines to know the gameplay. Also, if your elder brother is a football fan and you want to understand the football tournaments, you can use this football playing guide
You will be able to know the positions of the player and the fouls done in the game. It will help you to know that why the player got an offside or yellow or red card in the match.